History of Weather
The Aerial World: A Popular Account of the Phenomena and Life of the Atmosphere
- Author: Georg Hartwig
- Publisher: Kessinger Publishing, LLC. 2009.
- ISBN: 9781104477097
- Annotation: Originally published in 1875, this is a good historical snapshot of how weather and the atmosphere were understood over a century ago.
Atmospheric Science at NASA: A History
- Author: Erik M. Conway
- Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press. 2008.
- ISBN: 9780801889844
- Annotation: Erik M. Conway chronicles the history of atmospheric science at NASA, tracing the story from its beginnings in 1958, the International Geophysical Year, through to the present, focusing on NASA's programs and research in meteorology, stratospheric ozone depletion, and planetary climates and global warming. Politics and environmental issues, as well as science, are included in this telling of NASA's story.
Blame It on the Rain: How the Weather Has Changed History
- Author: Laura Lee.
- Publisher: Harper Collins. 2006.
- ISBN: 9780060839826
- Annotation: Mixing history with a little comedy, Lee explains in short segments how specific historical events were affected by the weather from battles won, lost or postponed, to weather's effect on the creation of the Stradivarius violin, the hymn "Amazing Grace" and the safety razor. Also included is weather's impact on politics including Harry Truman's presidential victory in 1948.
Braving the Elements: The Stormy History of American Weather
- Author: David Laskin
- Publisher: Anchor Books. 1996.
- ISBN: 9780385469555
- Annotation: From Native American rain dances through establishing the U.S. Weather Bureau in 1891 to changing styles of TV weatherpersons, Laskin recounts many dramatic moments in American weather history, from the "Little Ice Age", to Ben Franklin's invention of the lightning rod, to the Great Blizzard of the 1930's, to the worries about global warming.
Climate, History, and the Modern World
- Author: H.H. Lamb
- Publisher: Routledge. 1995.
- ISBN: 9780415127349
- Annotation: Hubert Lamb explores what we know about climate, how the past record of climate can be reconstructed, the causes of climatic variation, and its impact on human affairs now and in the historical and prehistorical past. New material on recent advances in weather forecasting, global warming, the ozone layer, pollution and population growth are included in this second edition, as well as the implications for future climatic fluctuations and forecasting.
Defining the Wind: The Beaufort Scale, and How a 19th-Century Admiral Turned Science into Poetry
- Author: Scott Huler
- Publisher: DIANE Publishing Company. 2007.
- ISBN: 9781422367704
- Annotation: The author was so taken with the Beaufort Wind Scale that he researched Admiral Francis Beaufort himself, hydrographer to the British Admiralty, man of science, and author (Huler assumed) of the Beaufort Wind Scale. But Huler discovered that the scale that carries Beaufort's name has a long and complex evolution from the works of figures from Daniel Defoe and Charles Darwin to Captains Bligh and Cook. A very readable look at the mid-18th and 19th century origins of modern science.
El Nino in History: Storming through the Ages
- Author: Cesar N. Caviedes
- Publisher: University Press of Florida. 2001.
- ISBN: 9780813020990
- Annotation: The first comprehensive historical account of El Nino, the fascinating and disruptive weather phenomenon that has affected weather cycles all over the globe for thousands of years. Combining scientific accuracy with readable presentation, the author brings together all existing information, references, and clues about past El Nino occurrences and their impact on political, military, social, economic, and environmental history. Caviedes is professor and past chair of the Dept. of Geography at the University of Florida.
FitzRoy: The Remarkable Story of Darwin's Captain and the Invention of the Weather Forecast
- Author: John Gribbin and Mary Gribbin
- Publisher: Yale University Press. 2004.
- ISBN: 9780300103618
- Annotation: A fascinating biography of the captain of the ship that carried Charles Darwin to the Galapagos and other Pacific islands between 1832 and 1836. Besides his travels with Darwin, FitzRoy also developed the fundamental techniques of weather forecasting, designed a standard barometer and thermometer, invented the system of storm warnings and signals and issued the first daily weather forecasts.
Predicting the Weather: Victorians and the Science of Meteorology
- Author: Katharine Anderson
- Publisher: University of Chicago Press. 2004.
- ISBN: 9780226019680
- Annotation: An engrossing account of forecasting that analyzes scientific practice and ideas about evidence, the organization of science in public life, and the articulation of scientific values in Victorian culture. Anderson highlights the tension between the function and boundaries of scientific work and the public expectations about science during this period.
Storm Watchers: The Turbulent History of Weather Prediction from Franklin's Kite to El Nino
- Author: John D. Cox
- Publisher: Wiley. 2002.
- ISBN: 9780471381082
- Annotation: From the age when meteorology was considered one step removed from sorcery to modern-day supercomputers, John Cox introduces you to weather pioneers, such as Ptolemy's weather predictions based on astrology, John Finley's breakthrough research in identifying tornadoes, and Tor Bergeron's new techniques of weather forecasting. Stories of devastating storms, floods, shipwrecks, climate changes, and weather controversies in history are included, as well as a behind-the-scenes look at the "American Storm Controversy"and the conflicting forecasts that delayed D-Day.
Volcano Weather: The Story of 1816, the Year Without a Summer
- Author: Henry M. Stommel, Elizabeth Stommel
- Publisher: Seven Seas Press. 1983.
- ISBN: 9780915160716
- Annotation: In 1816 western Europe and parts of the United States suffered an unusually cold summer with numerous crop failures. The authors suggest that the eruption of Mount Tambora in 1815 was the cause, with the eruption sending so much volcanic dust into the atmosphere that sunlight was obscured. Science and history are combined to tell the effects on people and communities in 1816 and the results of the Year Without a Summer.
Weather and Climate: Decade by Decade
- Author: Kristine C. Harper
- Publisher: Facts on File's Twentieth-Century Science Series. 2007.
- ISBN: 9780816055357
- Annotation: Arranging weather and climate information by decade from 1900 to 2000, Harper explains scientific discoveries and tools from the balloons, kites and barometers of the early 1900s to the satellites used by climatologists today. A final conclusion that looks at likely trends in the 21st century is also included as well as short biographies of famous scientists and chronologies of key events.
Weather by the Numbers: The Genesis of Modern Meteorology
- Author: Kristine Harper
- Publisher: MIT Press. 2008.
- ISBN: 9780262083782
- Annotation: Harper tells the story of the transformation of meteorology into a sophisticated physics and mathematics based scientific discipline, made possible by the development of the electronic digital computer. Challenging previous accounts that give sole credit for the development of numerical weather prediction to digital computer inventor John von Neumann, Harper points to the crucial contributions of Carl-Gustav Rossby. This transformation of a discipline, Harper writes, was the most important intellectual achievement of 20th century meteorology, and paved the way for the growth of computer-assisted modeling in all the sciences.
The Weather Factor: How Nature Has Changed History
- Author: Erik Durschmied
- Publisher: Arcade Pub. 2001.
- ISBN: 9781559706247
- Annotation: From the doomed campaigns of Roman legions and Napoleon to the fate of U.S. forces in the South Pacific and Vietnam, weather has decided human history as often as the spear, bullet, or atomic bomb. Drawing upon extensive research, The Weather Factor gives a fascinating account of the inevitable collision between weather fronts and human conflict.
Weather Matters: An American Cultural History Since 1900
- Author: Bernard Mergen
- Publisher: University Press of Kansas. 2008.
- ISBN: 9780700616114
- Annotation: Filled with details and anecdotes, Weather Matters examines why people have always been fascinated by the weather and focuses on how weather has been perceived, feared, studied, managed and marketed through art, literature, science, and the media. Mergen also chronicles the history of the U.S. Weather Bureau and the American Meteorological Society and their struggles for credibility, as well as the rise of private meteorology.
Weather Prediction by Numerical Process
- Author: Lewis Fry Richardson
- Publisher: Cambridge University Press. 2007 (first edition published in 1922).
- ISBN: 9780521680448
- Annotation: The first edition of Richardson's book, published in 1922, set out a detailed algorithm for systematic numerical weather prediction. He was greatly ahead of his time because, before his ideas could bear fruit, better understanding of the dynamics of the atmosphere, regular observations of the atmosphere, and powerful computers all needed to be developed. Weather prediction and climate modelling have now reached a high level of sophistication, and are witness to the influence of Richardson's ideas.
The Winds of Change: Climate, Weather and the Destruction of Civilizations
- Author: Eugene Linden
- Publisher: Simon & Schuster. 2007.
- ISBN: 0684863537
- Annotation: Environmental journalist Linden considers how adaptable human societies are to alterations in weather. He offers several examples of societies that drastically deteriorated, such as Greenland's Norse settlements in 1350, and Central America's Mayan civilization around 950. Linden then goes on to discuss current research about climate and its major factors, such as solar energy, the earth's axial tilt and orbit, the drift of the continents, and the distribution of heat by the ocean and atmosphere, and presents scientists' theories on historical climate change and global warming.